leave

leave1 W1S1 [li:v] v past tense and past participle left [left]
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(go away)¦
2¦(stop)¦
3 leave somebody/something alone
4¦(let something/somebody stay)¦
5¦(not change/move something)¦
6¦(result of accident/illness/event)¦
7 be left
8¦(letter/message/thing)¦
9¦(delay)¦
10¦(let somebody decide/be responsible)¦
11¦(husband/wife etc)¦
12¦(when you die)¦
13¦(mark)¦
14¦(not eat/drink)¦
15 leave somebody/something standing
16 leave a lot/something/much to be desired
17¦(mathematics)¦
18 leave something aside/to one side
19 leave somebody/something be
20 leave go/hold of something
21 leave it to somebody (to do something)
Phrasal verbs
 leave somebody/something<=>behind
 leave off
 leave somebody/something<=>out
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[: Old English; Origin: lAfan]
1.) ¦(GO AWAY)¦ [I and T]
to go away from a place or a person
My baby gets upset when I leave the room.
Before leaving the train, make sure you have all your belongings with you.
Leave the motorway at Junction 7.
leave at
The plane leaves at 12.30.
leave for
I tried calling him, but he'd already left for work.
leave (sth/sb) soon/now/later etc
If he left immediately, he'd catch the 7.30 train.
leave (sth/sb) to do sth
Frances left work early to meet her mother.
leave sb doing sth
Never leave children playing near water unattended.
leave sb to sth
I'll leave you to it (=go away and let you continue with what you are doing) .
My youngest boy has not left my side (=has stayed near me) since his daddy was killed.
leave sb in peace
(=go away from someone so that they can think, work etc alone)
Just a few more questions, then we'll leave you in peace.
2.) ¦(STOP)¦ [I and T]
if you leave your job, home, school etc, you permanently stop doing that job, living at home etc
Over the past two years, 20 staffers have left.
leave home/school/college etc
How old were you when you left home (=your parents' home) ?
My daughter got a job after she left school.
The lawsuit will be postponed until the president leaves office .
leave a job/country/Spain etc
Many missionaries were forced to leave the country.
It seems that Tony has left the band for good (=permanently) .
leave (sb/sth) to do sth
Laura left her native England to live in France.
3.) leave sb/sth alone
a) to stop annoying or upsetting someone
Oh, just leave me alone, will you?
Leave the boy alone, he can make up his own mind.
b) to go away from someone so that they are on their own
Six-year-old Gemma had been left alone in the house.
c) to stop touching something
Leave that alone. You'll break it.
d) also leave well (enough) alone
to stop being involved in or trying to change a situation
Why can't they just leave well alone and let us concentrate on teaching?
4.) ¦(LET SOMETHING/SOMEBODY STAY)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to make or allow something or someone to stay in a place when you go away
leave sth/sb in/with/behind etc
Are you leaving the kids with Grandma on Saturday?
As soon as I'd shut the door, I realized I'd left the keys inside.
Did anybody leave a jacket behind last night?
She left her son in the care of a friend.
leave sb to do sth
He left Ruth to find her own way home.
Students were left to their own devices (=left alone and allowed to do whatever they wanted) for long periods.
leave sb for dead
The girl had been attacked and left for dead.
5.) ¦(NOT CHANGE/MOVE SOMETHING)¦ [T]
to let something remain in a particular state, position, or condition
leave sth on/off/out etc
You've left your lights on.
She must have left the phone off the hook.
leave sth open/empty/untidy etc
I wish you'd stop leaving the door open.
The trial left many questions unanswered.
leave a space/gap etc
Leave the next two lines blank for the tutor's comments.
Drivers should always leave room for cyclists.
leave sth doing sth
I'll just leave the engine running while I go in.
Don't leave tools lying about .
leave sth to do sth
Leave the pots to soak overnight.
6.) ¦(RESULT OF ACCIDENT/ILLNESS/EVENT)¦ [T]
if an event, accident, illness etc leaves you in a particular condition, you are in that condition because of it
An explosion at a chemical plant has left one worker dead and four injured.
leave sb with sth
Although the infection cleared up, he was left with a persistent cough.
leave sb doing sth
The incident left her feeling confused and hurt.
The announcement has left shareholders nursing huge losses.
7.) be left also have sth left
if something is left, it remains after everything else has gone, been taken away, or used
I've only got a few dollars left.
There were a couple of seats left at the back.
We don't have much time left.
He pointed to what was left of the house (=used when very little is left) .
All that was left was a pile of bones.
be left over
After we've paid the bills, there's never much left over.
They ate some bread rolls left over from the night before.
8.) ¦(LETTER/MESSAGE/THING)¦ [T]
to deliver a message, note, package etc for someone or put it somewhere so that they will get it later
She left a message on his answerphone.
leave sb sth
Can you leave me some money for the bus?
leave sth with sb
Ian left this note with me.
leave sth for sb
A guy left these flowers for you.
9.) ¦(DELAY)¦ [T]
to not do something or to do it later than you intended
Leave the dishes. I'll do them later.
So much had been left undone .
leave sth until the last minute/until last
If you leave your preparation until the last minute , you'll reduce your chances of passing.
I left the best bit until last.
I want to think about it. Can I leave it for now ?
I'm afraid you've left it too late to change your ticket.
leave it at that
(=used to say that you will not do any more of something, because you have done enough)
Let's leave it at that for today.
10.)¦(LET SOMEBODY DECIDE/BE RESPONSIBLE)¦ [T]
to let someone else decide something or be responsible for something
leave sth to sb
Leave it to me. I'll make sure it gets posted.
The choice of specialist subject is left entirely to the students.
leave it (up) to sb to do sth
I'll leave it up to you to decide.
She leaves it to the reader to draw their own conclusions.
leave doing sth to sb
Is it okay if I leave writing the results to you?
leave sth with sb
Leave it with me, I'll fix it for you.
He's not the sort to leave things to chance (=take no action and just wait to see what happens) .
leave sb with no choice/option
(=force someone to take a particular action)
You leave me with no choice but to fire you.
leave sb to do sth BrE
Clive moved to London, leaving Edward to run the Manchester office.
11.) ¦(HUSBAND/WIFE ETC)¦ [I and T]
to stop living with or having a relationship with your husband, partner etc
Martha was always threatening to leave, but I never believed her.
leave sb for sb
Mr Rushworth left his partner of 10 years for a younger woman.
12.) ¦(WHEN YOU DIE)¦ [T]
a) to arrange for someone to receive your money, property, etc after you die
Aunt Alice died, leaving almost $5 million.
leave sb sth
Hugo left me his mother's ring.
In his will, he had left all his children a small sum of money.
leave sth to sb/sth
Have you thought of leaving a gift to charity after you die?
b) leave a wife/children etc
used when someone dies before their wife, children etc
PC Davis leaves a wife and three small children.
13.) ¦(MARK)¦ [T]
to make a mark that remains afterwards
leave a mark/stain/scar etc
The wine had left a permanent mark on the tablecloth.
He staggered to the door, leaving a trail of blood.
Make sure that you don't leave any footprints.
14.) ¦(NOT EAT/DRINK)¦ [T]
if you leave food or drink that you have been given, you do not eat or drink it
'I'm really hungry now.' 'That's because you left half your lunch.'
He rose from the table, leaving his brandy untouched .
15.) leave sb/sth standing also leave sb/sth in the dust AmE
informal to be much better, quicker, more successful etc than someone or something else
In terms of fitness, he discovered that Kate left him standing.
16.) leave a lot/sth/much to be desired
to be very unsatisfactory
Inspectors say health and safety procedures at the factory leave a lot to be desired.
17.) ¦(MATHEMATICS)¦ [T]
in a sum, to have a particular amount remaining
Three from seven leaves four.
18.) leave sth aside/to one side
to not think about or consider one part of something for a time, so that you can consider another part of it
Leaving aside for a moment the question of expense, what would your view be of the suggested changes?
19.) leave sb/sth be
old-fashioned to not upset, speak to, or annoy someone or to not touch something
20.) leave go/hold of sth
BrE spoken informal to stop holding something
21.) leave it to sb (to do sth)
AmE spoken informal used to say that no one should be surprised that someone does something, because it is typical or expected of them
Leave it to you to have the whole day planned out!
sb can take it or leave it attake1 (21)
be left holding the baby/bag athold1 (26)
leave behind [leave sb/sth<=>behind] phr v
1.) to not take someone or something with you when you leave a place
I think I might have left my wallet behind.
He departed for Washington, leaving the children behind with their mother.
2.) if a person, country, or organization is left behind, they do not develop as quickly or make as much progress as other people, countries etc
In class, a child with poor eyesight can soon get left behind.
a fear of being left behind by better-organized rivals
3.) also leave sb/sth behind you
to permanently stop being involved with a place, person, or situation
It's time to leave the past behind .
Although Armstrong overcame the circumstances of his birth, he never really left New Orleans behind.
4.) also leave sb/sth behind you
to move away from someone or something
They had left the city behind and were heading into open country.
Sarah, with her long legs, soon left the rest of us far behind .
5.) also leave sth behind you
to produce a thing or situation that remains after you have gone
He drove off, leaving behind him a trail of blue smoke.
the mess the previous government left behind
leave off phr v
1.) to stop doing something
take up/pick up/continue (sth) etc where sb left off
(=continue something that has stopped for a short time)
Barry took up the story where Justine had left off.
leave off doing sth
BrE informal
'Will you leave off nagging?' he snarled.
2.) leave sb/sth off (sth)
to not include something such as someone's name in a list or other document
Why was her name left off the list?
leave out [leave sb/sth<=>out] phr v
1.) to not include someone or something
She outlined the case to him, being careful not to leave anything out.
leave sb/sth out of sth
Kidd has been left out of the team.
2.) be/feel left out
to feel that you are not accepted or welcome in a situation
New fathers often feel left out when baby arrives.
3.) leave it out!
BrE spoken used to tell someone to stop lying, pretending, or being annoying
leave 2
leave2 W2S3 n
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(holiday)¦
2 maternity/sick/compassionate leave
3 leave of absence
4¦(permission)¦
5 without so much as a by your leave
6 take leave of your senses
7 take leave of somebody/take your leave
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[: Old English; Origin: lAf]
1.) ¦(HOLIDAY)¦[U]
time that you are allowed to spend away from your work, especially in the armed forces
I've applied for three days' leave.
on leave
navy officers home on leave
Your basic annual leave is 20 days.
2.) maternity/sick/compassionate leave
time that you are allowed to spend away from work because you have had a baby, because you are ill, or because of a personal problem such as the death of a relative
3.) leave of absence
a period of time that you are allowed to spend away from work for a particular purpose
She's been given leave of absence to attend a computer course.
4.) ¦(PERMISSION)¦[U] formal
permission to do something
All this was done entirely without my leave.
leave to do sth
a petition for leave to appeal to the European court
grant/obtain/ask/seek etc leave (to do sth)
He asked leave to speak to her in private.
5.) without so much as a by your leave
old-fashioned without asking permission, in a way that seems very rude
He marched into my office without so much as a by your leave.
6.) take leave of your senses
to suddenly start behaving in a strange way
You want to marry him? Have you taken leave of your senses?
7.) take leave of sb/take your leave
formal to say goodbye to someone

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

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